Unit 1: Transformations in the Coordinate Plane
Building on standards from middle school, students will perform transformations in the coordinate plane, describe a sequence of transformations that will map one figure onto another, and describe transformations that will map a figure onto itself. Students will compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not.
Unit 2: Similarity, Congruence, and Proofs
Building on standards from Unit 1 and from middle school, students will use transformations and proportional reasoning to develop a formal understanding of similarity and congruence. Students will identify criteria for similarity and congruence of triangles, develop facility with geometric proofs (variety of formats), and use the concepts of similarity and congruence to prove theorems involving lines, angles, triangles, and other polygons.
Unit 3: Right Triangle Trigonometry
Students apply similarity in right triangles to understand right triangle trigonometry, with particular attention to special right triangles and the Pythagorean Theorem.
Unit 4: Circles and Volume
Students will understand and apply theorems about circles, find arc lengths of circles, and find areas of sectors of circles. Students will develop and explain formulas related to circles and the volume of solid figures and use the formulas to solve problems. Building on standards from middle school, students will extend the study of identifying cross-sections of three-dimensional shapes to identifying three-dimensional objects generated by rotations of two-dimensional objects.
Unit 5: Geometric and Algebraic Connections
Students will use the concepts of distance, midpoint, and slope to verify algebraically geometric relationships of figures in the coordinate plane (triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles). Students will solve problems involving parallel and perpendicular lines, perimeters and areas of polygons, and the partitioning of a segment in a given ratio. Students will derive the equation of a circle and model real-world objects using geometric shapes and concepts.
Unit 6: Applications of Probability
Building on probability concepts that began in the middle grades, students use the languages of set theory to expand their ability to compute and interpret theoretical and experimental probabilities for compound events, attending to mutually exclusive events, independent events, and conditional probability. Students should make use of geometric probability models wherever possible.